Political morality

Political morality  is the practice of making moral judgements about political action and political agents. It covers two areas. The first is the ethics of process (or the ethics of office), which deals with public officials and the methods they use. The second area, the ethics of policy concerns judgments about policies and laws.

Ethical dilemma arises whether a representative follow the will of constituents or the dictates of conscience. To win and retain office (a democratically desirable end), the representatives must sometimes act against their judgment about what is right or what the general interest requires (a morally questionable means). The problem is more complex than this simple opposition suggests, because the constituents do not have a single will, and representatives have many different responsibilities

Basically  John Rawls theory of justice is a kind of radical egalitarian liberalism in which focus is on the fact that one person should not resort to maximising profit so much that it leads to deterioration of the other person.

Sen’s axiom demanded that in an optimal distribution of income between two individuals, the person who is worse off in both distributions deserves a larger share of the total income.

For instance in Indian scenario the provision of food grains to the BPL families at cheaper rates ,LPG subsidy show the implementation of this thought .

It can be to put forth that Sen’s ‘Idea of Justice’ in a way completes and moves forward Rawls’s ‘Concept of  Justice’. So, Sen’s effort should be seen as fulfilling the grooves of Rawls’s concept and not an alternate view.

In Indian scenario the restriction on freedom of movement ,expression show the approach to respect the rights of the vulnerable sections .Indian constitution focuses on the both the concepts of fair oppurtunity and equity to make Indian society more inclusive so that majoritarian imposition do not take place and vulnerable groups achieve better quality of life. Within India, we have many more dimensions depending upon political attitude and ideology as well.

At the international level for instance in the case of Norway and India, equality has contrasting connotations. Politicians in Norway have different conception of equality compared to Indian politicians and

So equality and liberty are the cornerstones of any foundational conception of justice and of any inclusive view of political morality.

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