Bhagat Singh ideology


  • Bhagat Singh is one of the only national heroes, perhaps after Gandhi, who is venerated across India. This could be attributed to his appeal as a martyr, which cuts across political ideologies.

Political ideology:-

  • His azaadi freedom was not limited to the expelling of the British; instead he desired azaadi from poverty, azaadi from untouchability, azaadi from communal strife, and azaadi from every form of discrimination and exploitation
  • The struggle in India would continue so long as a handful of exploiters go on
    exploiting the labour of the common people for their own ends. It matters little
    whether these exploiters are purely British capitalists,
    or British and Indians in alliance, or even purely Indians.
  • Naujawan Bharat Sabha was a public platform of the revolutionaries founded by Singh, and had a categorical position on the slogans to be used. T hey raised two slogans: “Inquilab Zindabad” and “Hindustan Zindabad,” hailing the revolution and the country.
    • Committed to inquilab (revolution), but not merely a political revolution. He wanted a social revolution to break age-old discriminatory practices such as untouchability, communalism and gender discrimination.
  • He was also associated with Hindustan Republican Association, Kirti Kisan Party, Kranti Dal.

Bhagat Singh’s nationalism:-

  • He grew up to appreciate nationalism and crave a British-free independent India.Extensive reading of European literature propelled him towards forming a socialist outlook strongly desiring a democratic future for India.
  • Atheism:-
    • Bhagat Singh veered towards Atheism after witnessing several Hindu-Muslim riots and other religious outbreaks.
  • Armed revolution:-
    • Singh believed that something as precious as Independence can only be achieved by a thorough cleansing of the exploitative nature of imperialism.
    • He opined that such change can only be brought forward by means of an armed revolution, in similar lines to the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. He introduced the slogan “Inquilab Zindabad” which sort of transformed into the war cry of the Indian Independence movement.

Why he is accepted across all religions,nationalities  and cultures :-

  • Bhagat Singh differed from most other revolutionaries on two important aspects:
  • He was an atheist and went to the gallows with full awareness of his atheism
  • He had a vision of the Indian society that he envisaged post-independence and could articulate its essential characteristics.
  • He found fulfillment through serving humanity and liberating it from sufferings and distress. He equated that cause to that of India’s freedom.
  • Working towards building an India where poverty, socio-economic disparity and exploitation did not exist, rather than achieving freedom from the British alone, was his goal.
  • He even favoured untouchables that they must have their own elected representatives.They must demand greater rights for themselves.
  • Bhagat Singh, his intense patriotism coupled with cultivated idealism, made him an ideal icon for the youth of his generation. Through his written and vocal admonition of the British Imperial Government, he became the voice of his generation.
  • His vehement departure from the Gandhian non-violent route to Swaraj has often been criticized by many, yet through the fearless embracing of martyrdom he inspired hundreds of teens and youths to join the freedom struggle wholeheartedly.
  • His eminence in current times is evident from the fact that Bhagat Singh was voted as the Greatest Indian, ahead of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi, in a poll conducted by India Today in 2008.


  • Bhagat Singh saw his fight for India’s freedom as well as his life’s fulfilment in selflessly working towards the goal of removing these inequalities, injustices and absence of opportunities faced by his fellow citizens. This was his ‘nationalism’ and this was his ‘patriotism.’ It was universal and not confined by boundaries of religion, caste, race, creed or even nation.

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